What is psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a non-contagious dermatological condition that causes skin cells to multiply much faster than they should.
Normal skin cells usually grow and change completely within a month, but with psoriasis, this process takes place in just three or four days. Its classic manifestation is the appearance of various sized patches that are itchy, red and flaky. The lesions can appear anywhere on your body, but usually appear on the scalp, elbows, knees, nails, hands, feet and back.
People with psoriasis can also develop a type of arthritis called psoriatic arthritis, which causes pain and swelling in the joints. The American National Psoriasis Foundation estimates that 10% to 30% of people with psoriasis also develop psoriatic arthritis.
 

 

What are the causes of psoriasis?

Caused by a dysfunction of the immune system, psoriasis affects 2% to 4% of the population. It is an autoimmune disease, which means that part of your body’s own immune system becomes overactive and attacks the body’s normal tissue. Psoriasis usually appears in people aged 15 to 35, but also affects children and older people.
Scientists do not know exactly what causes psoriasis, but we know that the immune system and genetics play a significant role in its development. Psoriasis is diagnosed by a dermatologist who will evaluate the lesions during a physical examination. The doctor may also do a biopsy: remove a small sample of tissue and analyze it to make sure it is not a skin infection. There are no other tests to confirm or rule out psoriasis.
 

 

What is the treatment of psoriasis?

There are many types of treatments, but there is no definitive cure yet. Dermatologists tailor treatment plans based on the location, severity and size of the lesions, lifestyle, age and other factors. Treatment options range from less aggressive options, such as moisturizers, corticoid creams and retinoid creams, to moderate and more severe treatments, such as:

  • ultraviolet light (phototherapy), which slows the acceleration of growth of skin cells.
  • oral, subcutaneous, intramuscular and intravenous medicines.

 

Melatonin is a hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle by causing drowsiness and lowering body temperature through sensitivity to ambient lighting. It works best at night with the natural circadian rhythm. While sleep is incredibly important, melatonin also operates directly with the central nervous system, which ultimately really puts us to sleep.

In the 1990s, it was discovered that melatonin had other functions in our bodies, such as the elimination of free radicals, which makes it an endogenous antioxidant. Need more?

It is not just an antioxidant, it is a super antioxidant.

It can cross cell membranes and also the blood-brain barrier, a filter that regulates fluid and materials that enter the central nervous system. Upon entering, and unlike other antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and glutathione, it does not undergo the “redox cycle”. The redox (reduction-oxidation) cycle occurs when an electron-poor antioxidant, such as those mentioned above, donates its electrons to cancel the effects of free radicals (highly reactive molecules that cause damage precisely because they do not have paired electrons, and molecules that need electrons to stabilize). Because they don't have a lot of electrons to donate, they can become “pro-oxidants”.

 

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Melatonin is an electron-rich molecule and can interact with free radicals through an additive reaction, forming various stable-end products excreted in the urine. From this point of view, melatonin can be considered a terminal antioxidant. Many already know that its production is directly related to sleep cycles. But what few know is how good it can be for the skin.

From the age of 30, the synthesis of melatonin begins to decrease, which explains the insomnia crises of adulthood. Melatonin deficiency is also related to depression and obesity. But what does it have to do with beautiful skin? As we said before, melatonin decreases cell oxidation endogenously, being one of the most powerful antioxidants ever found in nature.

Antioxidants in turn decrease the premature aging of cells and, consequently, the skin; smoothing and preventing wrinkles and eliminating the "tired" appearance that we dislike so much. It also helps control changes in skin pigmentation by adding melanin to melanocytes, causing the skin to change color. This interaction is also responsible for the paler color of the skin of the elderly and people suffering from insomnia.

In addition to skin pigmentation, it is also related to melanoma control, because melatonin receptors are expressed in various skin cells, including keratinocytes (keratin-producing cells, predominant in the epidermis) and fibroblasts (cells related to healing and other functions). Melatonin can also suppress ultraviolet (UV) light that causes damage to skin cells, exhibiting strong antioxidant activity in cells exposed to UV rays. Therefore, melatonin synthesized locally or topically applied* could neutralize environmental stress.

Our skin acts as a barrier between the environment and the grand organism (our body), since it is constantly subject to the actions of solar, thermal, mechanical energy, chemical and biological agents. Evolution has allowed it to develop unique properties to deal with these stressors, making it endowed with abilities to recognize, discriminate, and integrate specific signals within a highly offensive environment and integrate them into a neuroendocrine and stress response system. Further,  the skin has the ability to generate new vessels, cellular tissues, and rehabilitate scars and wounding.

Melatonin is not yet used in sunscreen creams, probably due to incompatibilities with the substances used to protect against UV rays, which require a very high pH to be stable. But the use of its properties for topical purposes is already being used in humans: melatonin in a pliable cream formulation can form a deposit in the first layer of the skin from which is continuously released into the blood vessels. Thus,the skin becomes a target organ, not only for the treatment of local routes, such as topical application, but also allowing a transdermal supply (that passes through the skin) reaching our circulatory system, creating internal treatment through this constant within the skin.

We leave you a list of foods that help in the production of this hormone: oats, berries, corn, red wine, tomatoes and oranges, potatoes, nuts and rice.

Easy, right? Nothing outside of our usual diet.

 
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In addition to the food, to have a better production of melatonin, we must monitor environmental factors: seasons, temperature, ambient lighting, and endogenous factors such as stress and age. The story that you shouldn't sleep with the lights on, or with the TV on, can be considered correct. If there is a minimal light source in the room or if the temperature is not pleasant, you can have an uncomfortable night or a series of them. It must have happened to you, right?

Melatonin in supplement form is easily found in drugstores.

Some Pointers:

  1. If you live in the far northern hemisphere with endless days in the summer and it takes you forever to fall asleep, try to close the blinds "early", since it takes about 4 hours for the body to assimilate the darkness and start producing melatonin.
  1. Eat the aforementioned foods within a varied diet.
  1. If you travel a lot and have problems with jet lag, or have a crazy routine, or just want to sleep better every day, we recommend taking melatonin as a supplement (restful sleep and beautiful skin!). 
  1. *There are also options with melatonin for topical use in all pharmacies such as serums, ampoules and creams.

 

So, sleep tight! We are working for taking care of you!

Ahora mismo estarás pensando que nos hemos vuelto locos ¿verdad? ¿Cómo voy a limpiar la piel con productos que tengan una textura aceitosa?
Seguro que ni te atreves a desmaquillar tus ojos con aceites, aunque seas adicta al rímel resistente al agua. El aceite siempre lo hemos considerado “el enemigo” en nuestros cuidados faciales, surgiendo así miles de productos “oil-free” en el mercado.
Nos hemos propuesto contaros las novedades y desmitificar este tema que causa tanta controversia. Lo más importante, ¡sí, puedes usar aceites faciales! Obviamente hay un pero, tienes que tener en cuenta tu tipo de piel y la frecuencia de uso de los mismos.
Las pieles secas pueden darse el lujo de usar estos aceites a diario. En cambio las pieles normales con dos o tres veces a la semana ya son suficientes.
Para las pieles mistas y grasas el aceite como forma de lavado puede ser usado como “mantenimiento” semanal o cuando la piel necesite de un tratamiento de choque. Por ejemplo, después de una noche de fiesta y con mucho maquillaje.
Otro punto importante es ¿qué aceite puedo o debo usar? Siempre aceites vegetales y esenciales, nunca aceites minerales. Y ahora seguro que estas pensando ¿pero que les pasa a los aceites minerales y cuál es mineral y cuál vegetal?
Los aceites minerales son los que usamos para hidratar a los bebes, y no es que sean malos ni tóxicos, sólo que no son adecuados para pieles adultas.
Estos aceites se usan para proteger la piel de los bebes, sobre todo de la orina y otros factores que pueden irritar su piel. Los aceites minerales no los absorbe la piel, si no que crea una especie de barrera protectora evitando que se dañe.
En cambio nosotros queremos aprovechar los beneficios de los aceites, en este caso los vegetales, para que nutran la piel, la dejen respirar y no para que la obstruyan, lo que podría acabar causando incluso acné.
 

 
Una vez aclaradas todas las dudas vamos a compartir con vosotros un aceite perfecto para hacer una buena limpieza facial, aquí va nuestra “receta de la abuela”, apunta:
¿Qué necesito?

  1. frasco pequeño para la mezcla
  2. aceite de oliva virgen extra
  3. aceite de ricino
  4. aceite esencial de árbol de té (opcional)

Mezcla en el frasco a partes iguales el aceite de oliva y el de ricino. Añade dos o tres gotas de aceite esencial de árbol de té, que por sus propiedades bactericidas y cicatrizantes es muy eficiente. Agita bien el contenido.
¿Cómo se aplica? Haz movimientos circulares durante algunos segundos, para potenciar el efecto de limpieza. Otro truco es usar unos discos de algodón empapados en agua tibia y dejarlos durante un minuto sobre tu piel.
Con los mismos discos de algodón puedes ir retirando el aceite de la cara, siempre con movimientos circulares. Seca tu carita con una toalla suave y aplícate el tónico si lo ves necesario.
Esta mezcla es perfecta para quitar el maquillaje, además de ser eficiente, es 100% natural. Si tienes la piel grasa, puedes usarlo a diario para quitar el maquillaje siempre y cuando acabes lavando bien la piel con un limpiador jabonoso.
Vas a notar con este tratamiento que tu piel va a dejar de estar triste y apagada. Lo importante es que tengas en cuenta tu tipo de piel y uses los aceites vegetales en su justa medida.

What’s winter like? The answer seems very obvious, but we would like you to ask yourself this out loud to better understand our 10 tips to take care of yourself at this time of year.
Winter is generally cold, we are exposed to less sunlight and in many areas it can be drier than usual. Obviously this dramatically affects our skin, it becomes drier due to the lack of light and moisture, so your self-care ritual must adapt.
Mistake # 1: Skipping exfoliation
It is important that you do not skip the scrub, since your skin is drier during the winter, your pores can get clogged, leading to some uncomfortable bumps. We must also keep in mind that as your skin is more sensitive, you have to choose a less abrasive scrub with an alpha-hydroxyl acid (AHA) base for a more gentle exfoliation. Once a week is enough.
Mistake # 2: Using only oil-free moisturizer
If you have oily or combination skin, you might think moisturizers are your worst enemy, leaving your skin even greasier. You may have even stopped moisturizing all together, or are using the famous oil-free formulas.
Well we have to bust some myths; your skin needs to be hydrated, even if you have oily or combination skin. If you stop hydrating your skin, this will produce a rebound effect, so you have to look for a long-term moisturizing cream that respects your skin.
The new oil-free creams may be good for oily skin, but during the wintertime, especially if you live in a dry climate, we recommend that you put away those creams and try using a moisturizer with essential oils; you will notice a big difference in your skin.
Mistake # 3: Sunscreen is just for summer
Ultraviolet and infrared rays affect our skin all year round. Indeed, in summer we spend more hours in the sun, but also in winter we go to the mountains, are out in the snow and we do have to protect ourselves a lot. Ideally you should include applying your sunscreen in your daily routine, like brushing your teeth.
Mistake # 4: Abuse of acne products
Acne products are usually abrasive and should be used sparingly during the winter to avoid unwanted effects on your skin, such as leaving it more sensitive, red and very dry. Especially avoid products containing alcohol. We recommend reviewing tonics labels, and substituting alcohol-based tonics for products with a base of botanical extracts.
Mistake # 5: I do not change my foundation for anything in the world!
You are obsessed with your foundation, we know, but did you know you should have two different types, one for summer and one for winter? Your skin varies depending on the season, in the summer we all like to go to the beach, and with the heat we like a foundation with a matte effect. In the winter we search for a hydrating foundation for more moisture, leaving our face "juicy".
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Mistake # 6: Hands and feet in the summer!
Don’t be lazy, you have to take care of your hands and feet in the winter, in a few months you'll want to show them off again in all their glory. Spring is just around the corner, so moisturizing overnight with specific products is key. It is more convenient and easy: put a good moisturizer on your feet with socks, so the skin absorbs the product more easily.
Mistake # 7: Water is for fish
Water is life, it is essential during the summer to keep you hydrated and cool during the day, but it is also important in winter. At this time of year it will help you prevent those annoying colds and keep your skin hydrated.
Mistake # 8: Hot shower every day
Here we will be brief: with this cold weather, we all give in to some long-lasting hot showers. But we have to inform you, that's not the best thing for your skin. If you go over 15 minutes, you can compromise your skin’s hydrolipidic film, responsible for retaining hydration.
Mistake # 9: Choosing your lipstick based on color trends
It is important to have pretty, shiny lips, but we always forget to take care of them. The trick is to hydrate well. Therefore we are going to help you pick a good lipstick: you have to pay attention to the ingredients and not just the color.
Be careful, products containing petroleum jelly and menthol may temporarily solve the problem of chapped lips, but in the long run they will eventually get drier. You will become addicted and won’t be able to stop using them! Technical stuff: the petrolatum molecule is hydrophobic; this means that it expels water molecules from your skin, even creating a "protective" layer. Ideally you should find lipsticks rich in vegetable butters, waxes and oils, to fix the root of the problem.
Mistake # 10: Humidity? For what?
Moisture is essential to hydration. You should get an air humidifier; it is a "must" to pamper yourself during the drier months. Living with an adequate level of moisture will improve your skin, hair, and most importantly it will prevent and help respiratory diseases and allergies. Choose the model that suits you, you can find one that will look great in your living room.
 

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